What is smart meter on middle voltage? (back to basics)

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  • #11207
    Steven Mill
    Participant

    Hi, this is Steven Mill. It’s been a long time so I’m coming back with a back to basics article. Hope you’ll enjoy.

    The electricity smart meter is a device that measures electricity in the same way as the ordinary electricity meter but with the difference that it measures and stores much more data and parameters than the ordinary electricity meter.

    Below you can see how one electricity smart meter for middle voltage looks like.

    What is smart meter on middle voltage 1

    • The smart meter measures and store consumed electricity (active and reactive) per hour or less and thus gives very accurate load profile
    • It measures instantaneous currents and voltages and store them every hour or less
    • It also measures the power factor (cosϕ)
    • Measures instantaneous powers and reached powers over a given period
    • Register the voltage dropout

    The smart meter can measure other parameters depending of the power supplier needs.

    These smart meters are to be mounted on large electricity consumers e.g. factories, manufacturing workshops, office buildings etc.

    After the data is stored the smart meter sends it to the power supplier. For smaller areas you can build LAN network and for larger areas you can use the mobile operator’s network.

    How the electricity on middle voltage is measured?

    As it is well known the formula for electricity measurement is: P=U*I*cosϕ, where:

    • P is electricity power
    • U is voltage
    • I is current
    • cosϕ is power factor

    The electricity on middle voltage is measured by voltage and current transformers.

    • The voltage transformers are converting the voltage from 6, 10, 20, 35kV to 58/100V
    • The current transformers are converting the current flow on the grid, proportionally and without phase displacement in current with smaller value (5A or 1A)
    Current measurement transformer / Voltage measurement transformer

    Current measurement transformer / Voltage measurement transformer

    Below is the connection diagram:

    What is smart meter on middle voltage 3

    This is a connection diagram with 3 voltage and 3 current transformers. The designations are as follows: from 1 to 11 are clamps of the meter.

    1 Beginning of the first secondary current
    2 First voltage
    3 End of the first secondary current
    4 Beginning of the second secondary current
    5 Second voltage
    6 End of the second secondary current
    7 Beginning of the third secondary current
    8 Third voltage
    9 End of the third secondary voltage
    11 N – phase neutral
    U Primary side of the voltage transformer
    u Secondary side of the voltage transformer
    K Beginning of the primary side of the current transformer
    k Beginning of the secondary side of the current transformer
    L End of the primary side of the current transformer
    l End of the secondary side of the current transformer
    L1 First phase
    L2 Second phase
    L3 Third phase
    N Neutral

    There is a diagram with 2 current and 2 voltage transformers but it is not very common.

    On the picture below you can see a vector diagram which the meter can draw during the measuring.

    What is smart meter on middle voltage 4

    Conclusion

    In conclusion we can say that the smart meters on middle voltage can be very useful ; not only for the measured electricity but because of the fact that they can measure many different parameters which the power supply company can analyze and improve the quality of their services.

    It is also possible that the meter’s vector diagram can be seen at any time from a distance which is very useful because if there is any fault in the measurement group it would be reflected there.

    Steven Mill.

    What’s your opinion on this article?

    #13618
    Anonymous
    Guest

    Back to basics….yes its really a good and simple way of explaining the purpose and funchion of the smart metering.

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