I want to share with you information about regulations and policies in different countries about power factor correction: are penalty levels specified, which levels ?
- Increase the power availability or reduce the size of the electrical installation,
- reduce losses and as a consequence contribute to the reduction of CO2 emissions,
- make saving on energy bill when penalties are applied.
From my point of view, charge the reactive power in the electricity billing is the best way to push power factor correction, because it gives a fast return on investment.
I found information regarding the reactive power billing policy in some 16 countries:
Germany, Austria, Canada, Spain, France, Portugal, Baltics, Roumania, Russia, UK, USA, Thailand, China, Australia
you can have a look to this xls file and you can complete it for the countries you know by writing a Comment below … and i will then come back with an updated table
And I’m really surprised how huge is the difference between the countries and between the utilities in some countries.
Working at Schneider-Electric, i can also advise you to use the technical information given in the Electrical Installation Guide, chapter L : a good overview about power quality & power factor correction…
example of topics covered :
- Why to improve the power factor?
- How to improve the power factor?
- How to decide the optimum level of compensation?
- Example of an installation before and after power factor correction