Spir Georges GHALI said:
I have a oil filled 3 phase transformer 315 kva on a pole pripary voltage is 33 kv secondary is 220/380.
What would be the rated output in amps per phase. Here everyone brings in 3 phase to thier pannel there are hardly any 3 phase loads, maybe a pool pump motor or two. The rest are 1 phase A/C and lighting loads.
Our ampient temperature is 35C
What can I safely draw in current per phase on this transformer?
Dear Farang ;
Each transformer hase an ” S : Apparent Power ” in kVA, either for single phase with neutral or for 3 phases with or witout neutral (depending of the connection).
The formula for Single phase + neutral is : S = V x I where :
– S : apparent power in kVA
– V : the nominal voltage between phase & neutral without load.
– I : the nominal current for the transformer
and for 3 phase + neutral, the formula is : S = 1.73 x V x I
So. using one of these formula accordingly the the kind of transformer, we can calculat the nominal current for any one, noting that the ” I – nominal current ” for 3 phases with or without neutral means the value of current for each phase, in this case, when we have single phase loads we will distribute them to the 3 phases of the transformer trying to have approximetly an equivalant installed power on each phase.
Normally, we try to have the maximum load on any transformer not more than 80-85% of the apparent power.
Dear Farang ;
I', very sorry for this typing mistake, but in 3 phases we use the formula :
– S = 1.73 x U x I
where ” U ” is the voltage between 23 phases.