Re: How to minimize the phase difference to installation of equipments

Home Electrical Engineering Forum General Discussion How to minimize the phase difference to installation of equipments Re: How to minimize the phase difference to installation of equipments

#12344
Ally Kanyondo
Participant

ABKHAN said:

Dear Alls,

can you tell me the right way to minimize the phase difference to install the single phase equipments, i.e. our company is a software house, they have 350 computers,each compoter has almost 350~500 watt supply and installed 20 nos. 2 ton air conditioners, these are all single phase supply 220V, 17 nos 4ton 3 phase air conditioners, and our transformer is 200kVA, is there is any formula to apply there i minimize the phase difference, and tell me it the 200kVA transformer is sufficient or not and how much capacity we of tranformer we required.

Regards,

AB KHAN

Dear Mr AB KHAN

secondly, to know whether your transformer is sufficient or not, you should calculate the total powe consumed by computers and air conditoners,

To calculate the total power do the following:

1. For computers, total active power(Pp)=350*500= 175kW

2.FOR AIR CONDIOTIONERS

1 TON=3.504kW, so

Total active Power for air condioners(Pa)= 3.504*(20*2*1.73+17*4)=480.7488kW,

NOTING THAT THE HIGHLTED NUMBER 1.73 USED TO CONVERT SINGLE PHASE POWER TO THREEPHASE.

Then the total active power(P)=Pp+pa=480.7488kW+175kW=655.7488kW

Assume the diversity factor is 0.7

Then the diversified power=0.7*P=0.7*655.7488=460kW

Assuming also the power factor is 0.85

The total Apparent Power(S)=P/0.85=540kVA.

From there you can know know whether your chosen tr is right or not.

In your calculations you should not forget to calculate the total power for lighting then add to Pp and Pa.

Regards.