Unfortunately, there is no short cut formulae for calculating the current rating of cables. May be you will be able to calculate the DC Current rating of cables with respect to the cross sectional area fairly linearly, as the DC resistance would vary linearly with the cross section. But, in AC the resistance is affected by SKin & Proximity Effect and also reactances play a rule. Reactances do not vary in linear proportion with the cross section. So, best is to follow the manufacturer's rating tables.