Cable sizing: methodology for in underground duct banks

March 8th, 2018 | Make a comment | Posted in Power quality

megaphone1The main goal of an electrical power system is to deliver energy to consumers, fulfilling the minimum requirements regarding to quality, reliability and security. This goal is achieved when the elements that comprise the power system (transformers, transmission lines, cables, circuit breakers, etc) are sized to operate efficiently.

Let’s hear what more Carlos, one of the member of the EEC, has to say about cable sizing… Share and comment below!

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MV busbar schemes (Review)

March 5th, 2018 | Make a comment | Posted in Electrical distribution

megaphone-blueChoosing a good bus scheme is vital for operational reliability, safety and redundancy of power supply system.

Your fellow electrical engineer K. tries to discuss busbar layout and busbar schemes as per the design of a typical substation.


Busbar(s) consist of incoming and outgoing circuits with a common point. Every circuit connected to a busbar scheme has its separate incomer, circuit breaker, isolator, potential transformer, current ratio transformer and associated switchgear. These components are arranged in a special sequence so as to trip a specific circuit in case of an abnormality.
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Deadly mistakes when working with switchgear

March 1st, 2018 | Make a comment | Posted in Electrical Safety

medium voltage switchgear mistakes

Open secondary circuit of a current transformer

It is well known that an open secondary circuit of a loaded current transformer would cause a very rapid and large increase in voltage on the secondary side that could lead to arc formation and possible explosion.
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Fuse failure supervision (supervision functions)

February 19th, 2018 | 1 Comment | Posted in Electrical distribution

Ahmed H. wanted to tell us about Supervision functions- especially Fuse failure supervision. Enjoy!

fuse failure supervision

What is fuse failure supervision?

Fuse-failure supervision is a function used to supervise the operation of the fuses responsible for protecting the secondary circuit of the potential transformer, which delivers the reduced voltage to the protection relay and voltmeters.

In relay codes and substation automation, the fuse-failure supervision function can be identified by the following symbols,
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Current and auto transformers (working principle)

February 12th, 2018 | 1 Comment | Posted in Electrical distribution

As we know transformers are device for converting one AC voltage to the another AC voltage with same frequency. One transformer is made of core, primary windings and secondary windings.

In general there are two main classes voltage and power transformers. Let Milan – one of the members of the Electrical Engineering Community Blog tell us about it.

Principle of one classic transformer

Picture 1. Principle of one classic transformer

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